Oil and Gas Product News published an article on Black Powder Separators and the importance of removing Black Powder contamination.
“BP acts like sandpaper, wearing the pipe wall. This results in more black powder particles ranging from 100+ microns to sub-micron in size. The majority of BP is under a micron.
This contaminant causes premature wear of the pipeline wall, damaging meters, turbines, compressors, pumps and their components.
This process does not stop at the gas plant or refinery but continues as it is transported down the transmission line through to the end user.”